The most interesting mysteries of the Ukrainian underground: Odessa catacombs (photo) – VSVITI – all that impresses you!

 

This is not just a gigantic city, where people come and come from. This is a whole separate world. Dark, mysterious, and sometimes creepy world of the dungeon. Not everyone knows his entrance. But those who they opened, often return, drawing energy here, as in places of power. They are looking for treasures and find silence, securely preserved from the bustle of modern life.

Red wax and green chalk, charcoal and graphite. On these walls a whole story is stuck, the oldest than the city of Odessa. Some of them are more than a hundred years old. These are the old recordings of the miners, and military messages, and obscure patterns of unknown authorship, and contemporary graffiti of local youth. The complete history of the Odessa catacombs has not yet been restored.

Private halls and galleries, long corridors and small hideouts. They served as a home for many, and for many, became a place of death. For a long time there was a ghost of smugglers and criminals hiding from power. Religious sects, gang members and simple homeless poor guys settled in Odessa for a long time. It is even known that during the war there were whole partisan detachments for a long time .

From the dungeon is a city on the earth

The Latin word “catacumba” means an underground labyrinth, which in ancient times served as a harbor for persecuted Christians. So they called the places where they held the ordinances of worship and in particular the burial of the dead. Catacombs have always been the most enigmatic, interesting and unexplored parts of the policy. The vast underground labyrinths of many modern cities now conceal the secrets of the fugitives, criminals, soldiers and simple adventurers. There are also some of the most interesting – the Odessa catacombs.

They formed due to the extraction of underground stones for the construction of the city. In particular, it was a shellfish. Odessa was built in the early nineteenth century. Almost all the Old Town was built from local material. He got his mining method, chaotic and almost blind. The stones were cut, like a tree, producing even bars.

That underground city turned out to be more than ground-level. Today, the length of the Odessa catacombs reaches for various data from 1.7 to 2, 5 thousand kilometers (!) , Reaching far beyond the boundaries of “Pearls by the Sea.” This city hides under one of the largest underground labyrinths on the globe . The most unexpected in the world underground “city”.

Findings of paleontologists

A huge complicated system of underground passages arose on the basis of former quarries. But not all these creepy dark labyrinths are created by a hard human hand. A small, but in fact, most interesting part of them is karst caves . When the stone rocks were washed out, the water formed fairly long and deep passages. About how ancient they are, say impressive local “treasures.” Here are the skeletons of the ancient animals that lived hundreds of thousands, or even millions of years ago. Remains of saber-toothed tigers, mastodons, rhinos, hyenas and fish. Animals fell into karst faults, as if trapped, staying there forever.

According to another version, the remnants of the beasts brought here the water of sudden huge flood rivers. According to reports from scientists who carried out excavations in the Odessa catacombs, the most discovered remains belonged to ancient camels. The most interesting thing is that the bones found were traces of cultivating a person . That is, somebody already used them as an instrument of labor. Scientists assume that these bones are significantly older than all the tools found by ancient people. So the finds of the Odessa catacombs are truly sensational.

Lost feeling of time or who is such a god Booth

Here you can easily get lost forever. Full darkness and lack of temperature changes take away a sense of time and space. Two or three wrong turns can lose the way back in dozens of creepy unexplored miles. Those who still dared to descend into the dungeon should be in good relationship with the god Booth , fearing for their safety. So in the Odessa catacombs, the spirit of the underground, which dominates here, is called. (From the Greek mythology Booth – the son of the god of winds Borea, who survived defamation and exile, he himself rushed to the well). In his underground kingdom, he can speak in female voices, or step by step, frightening guests. In fact, these sounds, as well as the noise of water and the feeling of light wind, are hallucinations, which are often told by those who got lost. People who were found for the second or third day, assured that they spent only two or three hours in the dark.

And Booth may be very angry if he takes with him things on the surface found in the catacombs. Is there anything you can offer in exchange. But what will you put in the place of a ship of pure gold?

Kerosene Lamps and Gold Titanic

Things found by people in the Odessa catacombs are an entire wealth. Banknotes of the royal period, papyrus boxes of the beginning of the last century, ancient magazines, pre-revolutionary kerosene lamps, utensils and weapons. Even the luxurious phaeton of 1929, in which even the upholstery of leather armchairs was preserved just perfectly.

What did not happen to local and foreign treasure hunters. But none of them still had the luck to find the main thing – a ship of pure gold, which was hidden in the dungeons of tens or hundreds of years ago.

The legend tells about the captain of Odessa, who before the war hid his wealth – a model of a ship made of precious metal. The sailor from the war did not return, but his cache remained an eternal mystery and still no one is found.

The main hero of another legend is also a sailor. He, they say, at one time took part in the rescue of the passengers “Titanic”. The model of the famous ship, made of gold, was given to him by grateful foreigners. Where the captain hid the treasure, you probably already guessed. They say that until now, many of those who heard these legends continue to seek the wealth of sailors.

Today, the Odessa catacombs live a full-fledged life. Every day a lot of tourists and simple seekers of extreme sports come down here. There are excursions and concerts, parties, celebrations of various holidays. A few years ago, very creative musicians even dared to organize a rock festival in the dungeon.

Tips for a Traveler:

One of the most popular routes to the Odessa catacombs begins in the village of Nerubayskaya, which is located near the regional center (aside from the route Kiev-Odessa). The tour of the dungeon lasts for several hours.

author Nadia Pontyakhish specially for vsviti.com.ua

Museum of guerrilla glory in Nerubay photo of bbeautyworld.ru photo of the site fresher.ru photo: zloychelovek photo: zloychelovek photo: zloychelovek

photo of the site fresher.ru photo p_i_f community photo “Excursions to the Odessa catacombs”

 

15 audiobooks in Ukrainian, which you need to have in your phone – VSVITI – all that impresses you!

 

What you did not have time to read, but you have to listen

When you really want to fall into the book, and there is no time and opportunity, then you should choose: either do not read at all, or look for alternatives. The audiobook is precisely this opportunity: it is not necessary to give it an advantage over the printed matter at all, but to turn to it if necessary – pushing a stroller, running on business, falling asleep in the dark, having a dinner with dinner, is still acceptable.

Especially when it’s not just a book itself, but a real cultural phenomenon, a valuable event: read by the author, complemented by a musical accompaniment of outstanding text. As an example.

INSIDER has not completely developed yet, though not the only one of Podervyans’kyi, the lively Ukrainian audiobooks market and offers you something that you should definitely buy, listen to and, if necessary, listen to it again.

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Yuriy Vinnychuk, “Malva Landa

One of the main novels of Ukrainian independence is the great, extremely delicious, entirely Rabelaisian: the trash as the main location, dozens of unknowns to this monstrosity, the Sea of ​​Borscht, the search for the mysterious poet Malvy Landi, endless travels, all-permeable erotica, specific, but from that only more sympathetic humor and, despite all that, it is a fussiness.

Not a fantasy and not a science fiction – one can call it Galician bizarre prose, but it is better not to call it, but to listen: it is possible that Vinnychuk in the history of Ukrainian literature will remain primarily with this book, and not with a much more serious “Tango death” .

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Kuzma Scriabin, “I, the Pat and the Army

Among the domestic musicians who at one point decided to write a prose, Kuzma made the best: far from the indescribable, but despite this, firmly crushed stories, with the perfect and exclusively “their” intonations, in the unconditionality of which was their greatest charm.

Here and there – a set of light stories, very armed, “male” (obscenity plus entourage), where the candidate is trying to survive in the army, but alternately represents its most unappealing and ridiculously idiotic faces.

Very simple, extremely realistic and very in the spirit of Kuzma’s tales, because of something, but it’s funny to tell a musician-showman who knows for sure. It’s a great opportunity to stay in the Kuzma company for three more hours, because, yes, it reads him exactly, and who else is?

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Yaroslav Gashek, “Adventures of the brave warrior of Svejk

30 hours (and four discs) of pure pleasure – this sounds like the sound of Schweik, is not the main idiot in history and literature, in which humanism and tragic pathos (because the war is still) not on grams – but there is a desire to survive and humor, which is extracted by some miracle: repetitions, speaking not there and not about the total and every second lack of meaning.

There are no cult figures of Joseph Lade, but there is the possibility of accepting the book as close as possible to the essence of its own genre – apparently a modern epic, which has long been perceived exclusively by hearing. The epic about the war, where there is no place for either the hero or God, only Švejk can be there. Extremely urgent. And very funny.

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Bogdan Matias, “Conversations with God

Not so much poetry in the classical sense as the one mentioned in the title: you are conversing with someone who is not visible-he’s everywhere. Quiet – and that is fundamentally and definitely – joyful and sunny meditations, reflections on everything and a little more: “may I let you make mint tea or camomile do not offend / you know I often say nonsense and everything wants you to smile.”

Matiasch is one of the most original voices of his generation, and so generous to unbearable poets. Francis or Theresa Aviles could speak the same way if they were living and understood in verse. It is worth listening to internal hygiene, but also because it is generally a good indicator of culture, when books of poetry are still listening. After that, you should go to “Your favorite dogs and other beasts” – a continuation of the best of all that Together managed to create.

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Yurko Pokalchuk, “Time is beautiful

Probably, our youngest – yes, yes – the sixties, who wanted to appear brutal and shocking, but in fact was extremely thin and penetrating, really, very similar to anyone. The virtuoso translator of Lloxi and Gene, Pokalchuk-prose writer buys with absolute sincerity and not the present, “purely authorial” romance.

His “urban texts” – and here it is “Odysseus, the father of Icarus”, “Rhythm (both read by the author himself),” “Time is beautiful,” “I, you, he, she”, ranging from a fairy tale to a fairy tale – about the main thing is: love, friendship, relationships, hope, beautiful daily life and exceptional passion. Atmospheric – that it should be listened to, whether in the evening shuttles, or in the twilight parks – and very good prose.

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Heinrich Mann, “Young Years of King Henry IV

When tired of the “Card House” and it’s hard to watch “Tudors,” then it’s worth turning to Mann’s historical novels-in his own way, benchmarks and ones that looked at them, for example, our Zagrebelny, and the recent two-time boutique laureate Hilari Mentel.

In something very viscid, endless intrigues between Valois, the Bourbons, the Medici and Navarre, but not lacking in dynamism, “Young years”, in essence, represent the story of ascension to the peaks of power, where the blast of the ice winds of loneliness and friends can not be a priori .

About the youth, which is spent in bloody pogroms and dubious exploits “for the good of the fatherland.” There is a continuation – “Mature years”, but you will have to read it again.

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“Favorite poems “, A-BA-BA-GA-LA-MA-GA

Excellent children’s poetry, because “verses” are too familial here, that the second generation is already growing on them: something resembles the reference “Alphabet” of the same publishing house, and something taken from Max Jacob, Lesya Ukrainka, Julina Tuvima and Nikolai Vigrinovsky.

The publisher himself, Ivan Malkovich, and the artist Benyuk, are, as a result, a product of such a level that they say “cover the subject”. Obviously, the mastech for young parents is how to read-recite the textbooks “Pumpkin in the city” and “Snow on the threshold”, but not only: remembering something wonderful from a long-lasting childhood did not hurt anyone anymore.

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Taras Prohasko, “NeprOsti

Probably the best and definitely the biggest prose of one of the founders of the “Stanislaviv phenomenon”, in which it is also visible, a phenomenon, serious artistic possibilities, but which demonstrates the inevitable limits and deaf ears of this “method”. Magical realism in Galician, intimate mythological prose, our response to Marquez – the circle of definitions is approximately the same.

There are everything and all here: the mysterious Carpathians, the names of the characters who – both the names and characters – are constantly repeated and duplicated, the collisions that they are: on the face, ordinary, but through the prism of such a magic language will seem anything . Without a doubt, the victory of our literature, and not so important, how much borrowed here, and how much exclusively “his” – the focus was succeeded, a good book is written. Listen

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Yuri Andrukhovych, “Lexicon of intimate cities

Essay is not essayism – it’s rather an artistic non-fiction, a trip to 111 cities – from Alupka and Antwerp through Jerusalem, Lisbon and Riga to Zurich and Yalta, according to the alphabet and writer’s personal experience. From small sketches to decent memoir stories – at these points a personal encounter with the historical, civilization with the individual, the province (Hust) with the metropolis (London).

Beautiful and useful – it looks like a transmission on National Geographic leads … well, yes, Andrukhovich – almost classic and certainly one of the most popular writers of the present, which has something to say, because he saw, indeed, a lot. “To tell”, because the author reads the book himself. Oh, and a good bonus.

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Oksana Zabuzhko reads her poems

Charismatic, passionate, categorical, Zabuzhko and poems read the same: let it be somewhat old-fashioned, but professionally, “with knowledge”. The writer, this happened, is primarily associated with his outstanding essayist essayism, a little less – with infrequent prose, but her poetry, indeed, is little known.

A good reason to damage a hole in self-education is this recording, with the unobtrusive unobtrusive musical accompaniment, read by Oksana Stefanivna himself: the case when someone else would definitely do worse. “Jazz in Italian”, “History of heresy”, “Russian motive” – ​​the poems here are different, but the level – strong, very decent – everywhere. There is still the poetry of American Sylvia Plato performed by Mrs. Oksana, but it’s already for connoisseurs.

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Ernest Hemingway, Fiesta

It so happened that with the clues of the masters of novels, the bearded texts of the American and the now Nobel laureate gradually disappeared. However, some of them still have to remain obligatory at least to some kind of acquaintance, and “Fiesta”, of course, among them.

Written in a 26-year-old young journalist, this novel is not so much about the “lost generation” and posture syndrome (though it’s also), but about life as such: when death and love are literally right next to where corrida, pubs and hotels are normal living locations, and four men are struggling for one woman, and the virtues of the past, though the doom is constantly floating around somewhere nearby. After that you should definitely go to Spain.

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Yuriy Vynnychuk, “Spring Games in the Autumn Gardens

Vinnichuk does not happen much. The first victory hit the writer on the Airborne Force Book of the Year with this novel, that it provocative and scandalous may seem like a boring pride and a principled (unhealthy) chastity. Of course, one needs to be careful when listening, but it is all “velvet” Alexei Bogdanovich reads – “Spring games” in public transport, but on the other – joy and adrenaline, too, is added.

Honeymoons of an elderly bachelor, who turn around the reflections on the human – and most importantly, the masculine nature, in order to turn to the end and in general something else: in a somewhat similar way, Marquez goes in “Memoirs of my sad prostitutes.” No chauvinism for you – juicy, fun, and mournful.

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Yurko Izdrik, “AMTm

The last chord of “classical” Izdryka (“Wozzeck”, “Double Leon”), which after it will be a continuous ugliness. Not “novel” and not “book” – a piece of frozen magma, which can be viewed from all sides, outworn, bring to the light, twist and so, and so on. It is more interesting to try to perceive this “text for repeated reading” by ear, with a voice (in fact, from two).

In general, AMTm is a good test of your attitude to something more or less prose: not postmodernism, nor (why, where is it here?), But rather, in essence, a modernist game with language and form, when so many conceptualities, that she is ready to smother everything else. In a word, knock – and open it to you.

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Sergey Zhadan, “Depeche Mode

Released in 2004 and read by the author next year, “Depeche Mode” is by right considered one of the first legal Ukrainian audiobooks, which was listened to at the level with “underground” Podervyansky. But the novel also read no less: the apocalyptic early 90’s, the romance of the “broadly interpreted” left-wing and total pofigizma, boy-and-male friendship, which will have to undergo the most difficult test – no, not death, but life, quite surrealistic.

Somewhere a bitter, and sometimes Homeric-funny – what the pastor Johnson-and-Johnson, his translator said by Irena Karp, is precisely this very unequal and to a large extent infantile book has made a cult figure to the writer. There is still the audio “Voroshilovgrad” – probably the best prose of the author, but the novel with Zhadan many began with the Dogs Pavlova, Vasya Communist, Sasha Carburetor and fat Caucasian.  

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Audiobook-dictionary ” Language-non-cash ” More than 20,000 pairs of vocabulary units

The modern vocabulary of a good Ukrainian language “Govorimo beautiful!” Reveals the greatness and beauty of the native language, frees it from surzhik and foreign-language liens. The dictionary contains original Ukrainian words and phrases, in opposition to the usual (common) vocabulary of modern Ukrainians. The Dictionary has processed over 20,000 most problematic words and expressions that are essential for enriching the linguistic culture of every Ukrainian.

The publication is intended for the general public, in particular for teachers, students, students and teachers, government officials, business people, scientists, writers, translators, journalists, editorial staff and publishers, as well as for ordinary Ukrainians.

Known and unknown about the Ukrainian hut – VSVITI – all that impresses you!

 

At first glance, we know a lot about Ukrainian hut, but at the same time it is not enough.

The Hut for a Ukrainian is a whole world, a fantastic universe where people were busy with everyday troubles, loved ones, were born and died to give way to future generations.

Constructing a home meant not only laying the foundation and laying walls, but also creating a birthplace, giving birth to children, educating them believers, kind people.

In the representations of our ancestors, the hut is like a tree of life: the pillars, the rope, the roots, the walls, the barrel, the roof – the upper. The engagement was brought in black, as it symbolized the border between “the” world, where the ancestors rest, and the “white world”, which was presented by white walls.

The house was considered a full-fledged home only when its construction was crowned with a painting. People believed that all sorts of misfortunes were the result of the actions of demonic forces. It is they who send storms, hailstones, floods, various illnesses, often acquire the similarities of deers, wolves, mermaids. They had to withstand it, so they invented a variety of ways.

And the strongest aversion of evil was the fire and its “match” – red. It is this strip above the floor planted walls. Consequently, a closed circle was created, which closed access to the house of impure force. Magic value also had wall paintings. For example, various colorful images, ornaments were intended to capture the attention of evil forces in order to divert it from people.

Penalty – the most sacred place of Ukrainian hut

The most sacred place in the traditional peasant hut is the devastation. In ancient times embroidered towels were placed there and put pysankas.

After the adoption of Christianity, there were placed icons with images of Jesus Christ and the Mother of God, to which towels were just an ornament, a sign of particular respect.

All the important events in the family took place at the begging: the wedding posts of the young, the first bribe of the baby, farewell to the deceased.

According to the icons, sacred relics were laid down in sacrifice: sacred willow, a piece of sacred beetles, a lofty candle, sacred water. Here they put Didukh on Christmas day, prayed for a happy hour and disaster for an hour, swore allegiance, they vowed, they asked for blessings.

Threshold

The threshold acts as a symbol of the beginning or end of the house. According to popular beliefs, it is the place where the souls of the ancestors belong, which is connected with the original custom to hide the dead in the house and often under the threshold. Therefore, many customs and rituals are known, for example, when they went to the wedding, they “gave honor” to him to the slaughterers, topirants (in Hutsulshchyna) or to the ring. Young people had to cross the threshold with their right foot. In some areas, the tradition of laying it with sackcloth (coarse-wool carpets) is preserved. When the bride goes to the house of his judge, she is transmitted through the threshold, because the spirits of the ancestors of the new family do not yet know her, and therefore they can not treat her quite comfortably.

At the threshold there was a ceremony of uniting the two generic lights (in the ceremony of the “invitation to the wedding”): the mother of the young and the bride’s sister put the right legs on the threshold, connected the lights of the candles, and kissed, only after that the young man went to the house and sat down with all the wedding wife at the bottom.

The funeral ceremony required, during the removal of the coffin from the house, three times to knock it about the threshold, which meant a farewell to the deceased with the house, ancestors. And in order that his soul should not return, the ax from the side of the house was cut off with an ax. In many Ukrainian villages of Eastern Slovakia, during the housewarming, the crested head was cut off on the threshold to please the “spirits”.

Still it is still planned that the sweeping hut starts from the threshold to the setting. This is for the good going to the house, and not from the house. In Hutsulshchyna, before the baptism, the child was placed on the covered door, and the mother tripled across it. Then the child took a jackpot at his hands and, crossed, stepped to the porch, under the threshold of which lay knife. His, after the exit of the kumus, someone raised and served through the window of the mother. So ordered against evil. The crying baby was batting on the back door.

In Hutsulshchyna, left an ax on the threshold after hunting for a holy night of cattle with bread, honey, incense, so that it would not die. Polissians believed that the aspen was helping the witches best. Therefore, to the threshold here stick a stick from her. In some places, at the entrance to the new house on the threshold cut the sign of the cross (against the thieves).

It is well known that in many places magic properties are endowed with a horseshoe still, nailed it to the threshold or above it. This has arisen, apparently, since when horses played an important role in human life (a nomad or a landowner), acting as the main sign of wealth and social significance of the person to whom they belonged.

If you wanted to wish someone happiness, then they brought a horseshoe, they say, let them be hunted on your horses, that is, be lucky. In our time, the horses are forgotten, but only the values ​​of happiness, success, and wealth are left. Therefore, some carry a miniature podkvyki or puts them on the gate, the door. Often, you can hear, for example, such proverbs with the meaning of the prohibition: “Through the threshold are not welcome”, “Through the threshold, hands are not served”.

The table in the Ukrainian house

You can predict that the very name “table” is closely related to the word “ceiling”, that is, to put something on the dish.

And once the Slavs ate just on the ground, at least something littered, or spread the food on a board, around which they sat down. The table on the high legs is a later invention.

In medieval Europe, long and sturdy boards were used on the table for crossed (“skulls”). Something like that was then known also in Hutsulshchyna. But here there were also tables-chests, which consist of own table (covers) and a tabletop. In the latter were holding different things: clothes, documents, money, values.

Oven

Traditional rural furnace gradually goes away in history. The course of civilization is unrestrained and, apparently, inevitable, so soon it will be learned only from works of art. That genetic memory will always return us to a good fire in the furnace of a family home, around which generations of our ancestors were born and raised.

The stove in the functional sense has appeared for a long time: this name is general Slavic. It is associated with the words “cave” and “honey”, “patronize”. The cave, the vault of which is lighted by the sparkles of the hearth, and the furnace – the concept of one generic value.

The house was considered to be housing only from the time when the fire burned in the stove. Perhaps, therefore, before the adoption of Christianity, the furnace has always been a kind of center, the main place to which everything was hugging. With the adoption of Christianity, the fire “gave away” part of its functions to the apostasy, where the icons were always hung and the table was standing.

The stove is primarily a fire, a fire. And in the home played a role not only in the cell of the heat, but also in the spiritual, rallying. Hence the metaphor: family hearth. The hearth at that stage was a kind of symbol of the inviolability of the family, its gathering point and the shrine. With the collapse of a large family, the middle center moved to the wall.

Here, near the fire, the family and its neighbors often came together. There were tales about the past and modern, composed legends, dumas, listening to crickets, who were identified with the spirits of their ancestors.

Even in pre-Christian times in was a custom to marry a family center. One of the parents turned to the young people with a wish: “Let the fire combine”. The wedding complex also included a rite of parting the young child with a paternal hearth and bringing her to the burning in the home of the young. At the same time she took the grill from the house.

Subsequently, during the engagement, the elders and the bride should stand closer to the furnace. The first tried to secretly sculpt a batch of bricks or rubbing from the oven and put it in their pockets to make the match possible. But the girl that evening did not leave the furnace and chimed a fireplace, as if begging for protection. In some areas during a match, the girl hid on the stove. If she did not agree to marry the one who was offered her, then until the end of the match she remained there.

In Chernihiv region, it was customary to smoke a stove not a poker, but a broom for young people to live prosperously. After the funeral, hold on to the oven, so that you can not be afraid of the deceased, for purification. Homy also loves the oven and is thought to have its place in it. So, the apartment could not be spoiled, which was reflected in the proverb: “I would say, that stove in the house.”

The fire in the stove was considered sacred: the mistress should treat him gently, with respect, nothing bad about him can be said, he can not spit or throw anything unclean, you can not play with him.

Consequently, without exaggeration, it can be argued that for the villagers, the hut and stove embody the whole world. The hut rendered man not only a refuge from bad weather, but also created conditions for her daily existence, where the forces are restored, matured in inspiration. Here, for centuries, family relations were formed, a peculiar psychological atmosphere was created, its microclimate, where people rest, work, eat, comprehend their existence and relationships with the world around them.

 

Top – 10. Unique ancient religious monuments (20 photos)

 

Regardless of whether you are a religious person or not, it’s worth recognizing that religion has been with us for a very long time.

Many of the most monumental structures created by man had religious functions. Some of them can be seen today. Often these are ruins, but sometimes quite well preserved buildings, despite the fact that civilizations, those who created them, have long disappeared.

Below we present the ten most important ancient religious objects. Leave your comments if you have something to add to this list.

Top 10 Ancient Religious Sights.

1. Karnak Temple Complex, Egypt.

The Karnak temple complex, often called simply Karnak, includes a huge combination of destroyed temples, chapels, pylons and other buildings and structures. In particular, the Great Temple of Amon and the massive statues of Pharaoh Ramses II. The complex dates back to the 14th century BC. It is located in the province of Luxor, about 500 km south of Cairo.

2. Callanish Stones, Scotland.

It is a sanctuary, an ancient cult place in Scotland. The place is less known than Stonehenge and Aivbray, but no less interesting. Callanish represents 13 vertically standing groups of stones, the first of which is set about 3000 years BC. .. Located on the island of Lewis in the outer Hebrides archipelago.

3. Zikkurat of Ur, Iraq.

A huge stepped three-story pyramid, erected in the 21st century BC The temple complex is located in the city of Uri, built by the kings of Ur-Nammu and Shulga in honor of the moon god Nunn. The Sikkurat in Uri is the most preserved temple complex of the Ancient Mesopotamia, unfortunately its upper part was destroyed.

4. Pyramids of Teotihuacan, Mexico.

The abandoned city of Teotihuacan is located 50 km northeast of Mexico City. Age of the city more than 2000 years. Its main buildings are the pyramid of the moon and the pyramid of the sun. Walking along the Road of the Dead, passing through the entire city, it is easy to imagine great religious holidays, ritual ceremonies and bloody sacrifices that took place here.

5. Delphi , Greece.
Ancient Greek city, located on the southwestern slope of Mount Parnas in the valley of the Phocis. Is an archaeological reserve included in the UNESCO list. Externally, the ruins are not as majestic as the Teotihuakan pyramids, but at one time the city was the largest all-Greek religious center with the Temple and the oracle of Apollo.

6. Stupa Borobudur and a complex of Temples of Prambanan, Indonesia.

Built in 750-850 years and abandoned, due to the eruption of the Merapi volcano, the Buddhist temple complex for several centuries was under volcanic ash in thickets of the jungle until it was again opened and restored in the 19th century. The temple complex Prambanan is located next to the steppe Borobudur. These two religious sites are the site of mass tourism and pilgrimage in Indonesia.

7. Temple and Monastic Complex Ajanta Caves, India.

Temple cave complex Ajanta is located in the central part of India in the state of Maharashtra. It was built for several centuries, starting from the 2nd century. The temple is the 29 caves carved in the rock, which preserved wall paintings, sculptures and frescos, which are considered masterpieces of Buddhist and religious art of ancient India.

8. Pantheon, Rome, Italy.

One of the greatest architectural monuments of Ancient Rome. The temple was built in the second century during the reign of Emperor Adrian in place of the previous Pantheon made on the order of Marcus Agrippa. It is a building dedicated to all the gods. The Pantheon is the most well preserved building of all Roman buildings. It has been used throughout its history, in particular since the 7th century it is used as a Roman Catholic church.

9. Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, Malta.

The oldest underground temple in the world was accidentally discovered by builders in 1902. Originally the sanctuary and the place of the oracle, which attracted pilgrims to Malta from all over the Mediterranean. Then gradually turned into a necropolis. There are 34 underground premises, the beginning of which dates back to 4000 BC. is..

10. Temple complex Göbekli Tepe, Turkey.

Opened about 50 years ago, the temples of Gebekli-Tepe are the oldest religious buildings. It is one of the oldest megalithic buildings in the world, its age dates back to 9 millennia BC. For a long time the complex was hidden under the same hill. Columns and stones of the temples are decorated with carvings in the form of wild animals, birds and insects.

 

Olytsky Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity – one of the most beautiful monuments of the early Baroque in Ukraine (photo) – VSVITI – everything that impresses you!

 

In a small Volyn settlement, Olika is a landmark of sacred architecture of the first half of the XVII century. The temple at one time was considered the most beautiful temple of all Volhynia and the most beautiful Baroque church in Poland. (At the time when the Poles land entered the Kingdom of Poland).

They say this building has its own special atmosphere. In the magnificently decorated walls can see the handwriting of the old Middle Ages. And do not necessarily be a connoisseur of architecture to feel the greatness of the art of this temple.

The historical Olika, mentioned already in the Epiphany chronicle , is known for its ancient architecture. And the fact that the 4th century was the patrimony of a noble Lithuanian species Radziwill . The great castle with the palace , powerful city fortifications from the still preserved gate and many shrines were built during the reign of Lithuanians. One of the most beautiful buildings was the Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity , located near the fortress.

“Deus de tuis donis tibi offerimus”

In 1588, in its place was a wooden church. They say that Prince Stanislav Radziwill ordered to erect it in honor of his renunciation of Calvinism . It will take about 50 years, and the wooden church will turn into a stone stone church. Her “father” will be Albrecht Stanislav of the same kind Radziwill. The model of the future temple was taken by the Roman Il-Jaze. The Italians Benedetto Molly and Giovanni Malivern worked on the project.

They say that for the decoration of the exterior facade from Italy were carried as many as five types of marble. The building really was very beautiful. “DEUS DE TUIS DONIS TIBI OFFERIMUS” (“You give this gift to God”) says the Latin inscription that still meets the believers at the entrance to the temple. The structure is rectangular. Divided into columns by 5 parts with a vestibule.

Art sculpture, vintage watches and sculptures. In addition to the saints Wojciech, Peter, Paul and Stanislaus, there is even a statue of the Lord God (which is rare enough). Placed under a peculiar hierarchy, over the saints – the person in the papal dress, and the highest – the image of God. The author is a Lviv sculptor M. Ampeli, who also engaged in interior decoration of the temple.

12 apostles inside

The materials used in the interior are mostly marble and alabaster. Inside the church was generously decorated with works of sculptors and wood carvings. On the walls – the epitaph of the Radziwill and the Olicia canoniks . Now much of that has been lost. Sculptures of the apostles who survived – part of the twelve, which were originally. And there were beautiful artistic paintings on the walls. Some of them are currently stored in the Lviv Art Gallery.

Inside the premises is a crypt , where many members of the glorious Lithuanian family rested. Tombs have been saved very badly. The last of Radziwill in Olica was Prince Janusz, who, with the advent of the Red Army, was arrested and released only after the intervention of the Italian royal family.

At the church you can still see the old bell tower . Bells are no longer there. (They say they were buried in the ground for war by some of the locals). Arches with pylons in height of almost 16 meters are also decorated with stucco, with plant ornament.

At the church they taught logic, grammar and rhetoric

The church is called collegiate, because once collegiate acted there. (Then around the building even a wall of defense with a tower was erected). The Collegium was founded by Albrecht Stanislav Radziwill and Franciszek Zierski . Inside of the seventeenth century professors taught youth here for such sciences as logic, grammar, rhetoric. Every Sunday after dinner they read “Catechism”. Also, at the church of the Holy Trinity there was a theological seminary .

The church is very old and ruined. But the spirit of antiquity only gives him an unparalleled charm. Who knows, after the restoration that has already begun, that spirit will not disappear along with the cracks in the bodies of sculptures, will not get lost in the new bright colors … So hurry to see the beauty of this shrine, which still shows the images of a true old baroque.

For those who got to the road:

Location:
Volyn region, Kivertsi district, Olika settlement

GPS:
N 50 ° 43.369 ‘, E 25 ° 48.511’

Tips for a Traveler:
In Olik you can go from Lutsk or from Rivne by bus. You can get less than an hour. The church will see in the center of the settlement. Service is often sent here, so you can see the memories from the inside.

author Nadia Pontyakhish specially for vsviti.com.ua

Picture of the XIX century photo: Yuriy Buriak The plan of the church Igor Bodnar” width=”420″ height=”309″ /> photo: Igor Bodnar photo: Igor Bodnar Sculptures on the facade photo: smgn.com.ua photo: smgn.com.ua photo: smgn.com.ua Bas-relief with footsteps from military bullets
photo: DIDO Within
photo: smgn.com.ua The vault of the central nave. photo: Promek photo: smgn.com.ua photo: smgn.com.ua photo: Kostia Semytskyi From the bell tower
photo: kotykS Bell tower

10 beautiful ancient mosaics that reveal the mysteries of the past millennia – VSVITI – all that impresses you!

 

Mosaic of St. Sophia in Kiev.

Mosaics were decorated with walls, floors and ceilings for many millennia. Thanks to the technology of creating mosaic tiles, many of these works of art have survived to this day. In our review, the most incredible ancient mosaics that reveal the most interesting mysteries of scientists.

1. Hidden angel at the Cathedral of St. Sophia

Mysterious Mosaic: A Hidden Angel in the Cathedral of St. Sophia.

Turkey
In the Istanbul Cathedral of St. Sophia during the restoration work found previously unknown image of the Six-Winged Angel. The mosaic depicts the seraphim, that is, the angel from the closest encirclement of God. For 160 years, the mosaic was hidden under seven layers of paint because of the ban on the image of faces of people in Islam. The age of this work, according to scientists, is about 700 years.

2. Map of the ancient city

Mysterious mosaic: map of the ancient city.

Israel
During the digging of the pit during the construction of an industrial park in Kiriat Gat, Israel, a mysterious image was discovered. The 1500-year-old mosaic on the floor of a destroyed Byzantine church depicted a map of the ancient Egyptian city of Chortaso, some of which place the burial place of the Old Testament prophet Habakkuk. It is worth noting that this is a very controversial issue, as Christians believe that the place of the last rest of Habakkuk is unknown. Israel and Iran say that they have the grave of the prophet. On a mosaic in Kiriat Ghat, buildings in Chortaso are strikingly detailed, even balconies and windows on them.

3. Project “Invader”

Mysterious mosaic: Invader video game “Space Invaders”.

Universe
Beginning in 1998, a mysterious French street artist leaves his mosaic “signature” in cities around the world. He received the pseudonym “Invader” (English Invader), because his work depicts scenes from the classic “Space Invaders” video game. His works appeared in Paris, Kathmandu, Mombasa, Hollywood and dozens of other cities. Although nobody knows who the Invader really is, he gets good money for his work thanks to public donations and the sale of copies of his “signatures.”

4. Tomb of Amphipolis

The mysterious mosaic: Tomb of Amphipolis.

Macedonia
The giant mosaic was discovered in the largest of the surviving ancient Greek tombs. Located in Amphipolis (North Macedonia), the work depicts a chariot harnessed by white horses, on which the bearded chariot and god Hermes stand. Mosaic size 4.5 x 3 meters is dated 4th century BC Interestingly, it is still not fully excavated, so archaeologists can only guess about the full picture. It was made during the reign of Alexander the Great, when Amphipolis was a mighty center of the Macedonian Empire.

5. Hatay skeleton

Mysterious mosaic: Hatay skeleton.

Turkey
In 2016, Turkish archaeologists in Hatay discovered a mysterious mosaic with a subterranean plot. At work, dating from the third century BC, a lying skeleton is presented that “advises to be cheerful and to live their lives.” A bottle of wine and a loaf of bread are lying next to the skeleton. Once upon a time, this mosaic adorned an elegant villa in the ancient Greek city of Antioch.

6. The laying of the ancient Mitl

The mysterious mosaic: the laying of an ancient Mitl.

Mexico
The ancient Mexican city of Mitla is best known for its mysterious mosaics. Here, this kind of art can be found literally everywhere: in municipal buildings, palaces and tombs. There are six main types of mosaics in the Mite, some of which are connected with one another by horizontal stripes. Some researchers assume that this is actually some kind of encrypted language.

Interestingly, each polished stone tile in these mosaics is cut individually, with stunning accuracy. Their grooves are so perfectly matched to each other that the mosaic is laid out without a mortar. Even with the help of modern technology, the cost of such an accurate processing of the stone would be prohibitively high. Experts believe that the finishing work would cost ten times more expensive than the buildings they decorate.

7. The mystery of the destroyed synagogue Khukok

Mysterious mosaic: Khukok synagogue.

Israel
An ancient mosaic, which was found on the floor of a destroyed synagogue of the Roman era in the Israeli Hukok, is still a riddle for scientists. In this work of the 5th century AD there is a meeting between two high-ranking men, but their personalities are unknown. Most modern scholars believe that a bearded man in white clothes, which you see on a mosaic, is the high priest of Jerusalem. The personality of another person is generally unknown.

8. Cypriot “Hippodrome”

Mysterious Mosaic: Cypriot Hippodrome.

Cyprus
In Cyprus, a very rare mosaic with a picture of a chariot race on a racetrack was discovered. It is believed that this work of 11 x 4.2 meters was created in the first half of the fourth century AD. It depicts four chariots, each harnessed by four horses. Interestingly, this plot may have a hidden political implication: experts believe that this may be the image of the four factions that fought for control of Rome at that time. This mosaic was decorated with a villa of Roman nobles or a wealthy Cypriot citizen.

9. Surfing Madonna

Mysterious mosaic: Surf Madonna.

USA, California
In 2011, a mysterious mosaic appeared on the Californian town of Encinitas, depicting the Virgin Mary Guadalupe, standing on a surfboard. As it turned out later, Mark Patterson and Bob Nichols, dressed as a builder, secretly placed this work under the railway bridge. Later, the city authorities invested thousands of dollars in order to preserve the mosaic that was transferred to the Ensantias Boulevard.

10. Church of the Nativity of Christ in Bethlehem

The mysterious mosaic: The Church of the Nativity of Christ in Bethlehem.

Israel
The Church of the Nativity of Christ in Bethlehem was allegedly built on the birthplace of Jesus. This sacred place was forgotten for many centuries, and when it began to be reconstructed, it turned out that inside the church are decorated with huge mosaics depicting crusaders. Over the past centuries, people have forgotten about them and frescoes have disappeared under the age-old layer of dirt. There are plans to continue the reconstruction project, including the removal of stone slabs to find ancient mosaics that adorn the floor.

 

Russian fate

“A lot of Russian literature is about how the individual’s destiny is influenced by historical events.

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This is what Russian scientist Kristian Krohg-Sørensen , who last autumn published a comic book about the Russian Revolution. In the wake of the Revolutionary Jubilee, we have asked him to give us an insight into Russian fiction.

Could not say no

 

When the journalist and Russian writer was asked by Manifest publisher to make comic book in connection with the October Revolution Jubilee last autumn, “he had” had to take the challenge.
“It was a great opportunity to pick up some of the old history pennas and make a deep dive in the revolutionary history,” he replied by e-mail to the literature blog.

“I am very keen to convey history, and think a cartoon about the revolution can provide a good visual introduction for those who will be familiar with this complicated story.

revolutionary Literature

For readers who want a further deep dive into the revolution, Kristian has more fiction tips:
“The biggest and most famous revolutionary novel is Doctor Zhivago of Boris Pasternak, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1958, to the Soviet authorities’ great dissatisfaction,” he says.
“It’s a pearl in literature history, giving a dramatic insight into the upturn to the revolution, with an awkward love story on the purchase,” continues Krohg-Sørensen.

His revolutionary literary tip number two is Tor Bomann-Larsen Livlegen , a fictional diary record of Tsar Nikolaj’s physician in the period after the Tsar has abdicated.
– Tragic and well-written, believes the cartoonist.

For revolutionary enthusiasts, Krohg-Sørensen also recommends the comic novel Petrograd by Philip Gelatt.
“It takes on the assassination of Rasputin, the mysterious monk who stood close to the tsar family and who has received much of the blame for the Tsar becoming so unpopular. A dark cartoon story based on facts, with a lot of wonderful conspiracies and a great visual expression, the revolutionary expert notes.

– Tor Bomann-Larsen Livlegen is an original story that comes close to the tsar family near life, and also discusses the reason for the revolution in Russia.

Huge thrill

When asked to draw out some characteristics of Russian fiction, Krohg-Sørensen hesitates:
“It’s a huge boost in Russian literature. It has evolved with the rest of society – for the past 200 years, they have managed to have a golden age, a silver hunter, strict censorship in Stalin’s time, thieves and glass nostrils, and in recent years a wave of dystopic literature with Dmitry Glukhovsky and Vladimir Sorokin pointed out, he summoned.

With one word: destiny

Despite this excitement, he points to a red thread:
“If one tries to find a characteristic that goes back to the enormous thrill of Russian literature, it must be the fate of the individual through times of agitation and conflict, and how external conditions affect our life races. This characterizes Lermontov , Dostoevsky and Tsjekhov as well as Babel , Akhmatova and Solzhenitsyn . So with one word: Destiny, the journalist notes.

Contains everything

Image result for russian fate

When it comes to Russia’s vast array of fiction, Kristian naturally thinks it’s hard to draw a favorite work. He still announces some favorites:
– Lev Tolstoy’s war and peace contains everything:
An historical view of the Napoleonic Wars and how Russia changed in the early 19th century; a discussion of Russian political attitudes at this time; a depiction of the Russian upper class and the live character. In addition, it is a generation novel, a love novel, a war novel, an exemplary good historical novel and an epic tale of human beings, Krohg-Sørensen hits.

The journalist must also mention Mikhail Bulgakov’s Master and Margarita .
“It’s extremely funny, subtle and sharp. Bible, soviet, satanic and satirical. This was my introduction to the Russian literature, and I can read it over and over again, he says.

poetry

When Krohg-Sørensen is first in Russian favorites, he is happy to draw poetry.
“There is a lot of great Russian poetry, and some of it is well translated into other languages. Vladimir Majakovsky was a revolutionary poet who wrote a poem cycle about the Russian Revolution. It’s not his best work. He is best when he writes about interpersonal relationships (read: failed romances). Check out the book I , a Swedish reprint of a selection of Majakovsky’s poetry masterpieces translated by Gunnar Harding and Bengt Jangfeldt, encourages Kristian.

St. Petersburg in the literature

Even Krohg-Sørensen has lived in St. Petersburg and is very fond of the mood of “this weird city”, as he calls it. At the tamp, therefore, he asks what makes St. Petersburg so mythically spun within the fiction.
“St. Petersburg myth is based on how Peter the Great forced through the founding of this new capital in the heart of the Gulf of Finland – it is somewhat absurd to set up a cluster of baroque palaces and colossal castles in the midst of a blaze swamp,” explains Kristian.

“St. Petersburg still has much of this contradiction in it: wide avenues and labyrinthed backdrops, magnificent palace with crumbling ornaments, dark canals full of bogs, humid climates and amazing sunsets.

“It’s easy to recognize again when you read Gogol’s funny Petersburg novels , or follow Raskolnikov’s subtle footsteps through Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment . Both Pushkin and Tolstoy often describe St. Petersburg as the Decadent City where the nobles suffer through infinite lounges and ball and dream of the simple and honest life of a rural estate – and thus St. Petersburg is often the symbol of Western influence, with snobbish clothes and French speech, dishonest intentions and unhealthy lifestyles, continues the comic bookwriter.
“But if there is one novel that really promises the mysterious second capital, it’s Andrej Belyjs Petersburg . It has been called the Russian literature’s response to Ulysses , and is characterized by colorful symbolism and urban mysticism. The action has been added to the political terror in the period around the first Russian Revolution in 1905, but it is probably the language, the mystique and the symbolism rather than the act that makes it worth reading, Krohg-Sørensen concludes.

And thus, the baton is brought on with the urge to dive into Russian literature!

 

 

Ukrainian Fashion Week SS19

Image result for ukraine fashion week

The Ukrainian Fashion Week SS19 is impressive: if we were talking about the keyword of the season, I would say “responsibility.” Responsible clothing and responsible use of clothing devoted to several projects Responsibility for the authority of the country and for the quality of the “product” being exported is devoted to the Forum of creative industries Responsibility for the development of the Ukrainian fashion industry as a whole is devoted to the 43rd and all previous seasons they are Ukrainian Fashion Week ” – Irina Danilevska, organizer of the Ukrainian Fashion Week .

#SUSTAINABLE FASHION
A new philosophy of true connoisseurs of modern fashion.

The bigger our wardrobe, the less chance of clear water, clean air, dense forests of our descendants.

Fashion industry is among the most dynamically growing in the world. For comparison, only one global brand-name brand produces about 600 million pieces of clothing per year. Just imagine: for the production of 1 pair of jeans goes up to 10 thousand liters of water. For two years on the color of jeans is the volume of water, equal to the volume of the Mediterranean Sea. And this is not to mention the pesticides that are used on cotton plantations.

The way out of this catastrophic situation for humanity is sustainable fashion – a new philosophy of true connoisseurs of modern fashion.

Sustainable fashion includes several aspects: environmental clothing, vintage, clothing, rescaling and apiculture, ethical production, high quality and out-of-date design.

Designer clothes can be the responsible choice of many, because it is exactly the above-mentioned characteristics. 10 dresses of fast fashion will not replace one designer – high-quality, unique, which for years does not lose its relevance.

Today, many Ukrainian designers are experimenting with recycled materials. And, of course, designer things will serve us more than one season, and in a decade will become desirable vintage things.

The initiatives of the Ukrainian Fashion Week to promote sustainable fashion ideas are supported both by Ukrainian designers and UFW partners.
DHL Express Ukraine in the new season, in addition to the commercial component of effective e-commerce solutions in the fashion industry, has joined the promotion of the “sustainability” trend in Ukraine. DHL Ukraine and Ukrainian Fashion Week will hold a Roundtable on Sustainable fashion – Definition and Challenges, Trends and Challenges, Roles and Responsibility – will be another step towards raising awareness and shaping a new fashion philosophy in Ukraine.

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The Fashion Tech Ukraine platform this season will focus on conscious consumption in fashion and ways to solve problems triggered by fast fashion, with innovative technology solutions.

September 1-5, in the Mystetskyi Arsenal, demonstone Fashion Tech Ukraine will feature upcicling-things of Ukrainian brands. Designer Marina Loseva will present her own art project Shape of Living, designed to attract attention to the search and creation of new forms and ways of human existence. The author created for his installation clothes from used jeans, but as a prototype for the decoration, he recreated a picture of the Dnieper, which was taken from space. Fashion Tech Ukraine will have an exhibition and lecture space.

This season, the MODOZA.COM online retailer supports the Fashion Tech Ukraine platform and presents a unique image creation service, which is another example of using artificial intelligence in the fashion industry. The service demonstrates how new technologies change our lives and promote conscious consumption, helping to make an unmistakable choice when shopping online.

All events can be visited free of charge by registering on the site fashionweek.ua and receiving an e-invitation. 

#GLOBAL UKRAINE

The main mission of the Ukrainian Fashion Week is the development of Ukrainian fashion and promotion of Ukrainian fashion and culture in the world.

Every season UFW expands its cooperation with the international professional environment to create new opportunities for designers and promote Ukrainian fashion brands in the world fashion industry.

Organizing Committee Weekly Fashion Weekly invites journalists and photographers from leading world editions, buyers and representatives of leading showrooms to Kyiv to work directly with UFW designers.

Vogue.com (USA), Vogue Italia (IT), Pairs Project (FR), Nowfashion.com (FR), Vogue UK (UK), Vogue Ru (Ru) will also be present at the shows on the collections of Ukrainian designers this season. Tomorrow Ltd., Nana Suzuki, Concrete Showroom, Browns bayers and Harvey Nichols Dubai will take guests to the striptease photographer – Adam Katz Sinding, Style Du Monde and Vogue.com.

#FASHION DNA-UKRAINE

Ukrainian Fashion Week continues the Fashion DNA-Ukraine program of support and development for young designers of Ukraine with the British Council. This year Fashion DNA-Ukraine focuses on the features of brand promotion in digital space and focuses on the financial aspects of e-commerce.

Within the new season Ukrainian Fashion Week in the Art Arsenal will be presented the final creative part of the project.

Mentor of the creative part of the project was British djigital-art director, Jon Emmony, whose portfolios work for Kanye West, Victoria Albert Museum, Nike and others.

The representative of the Farfetch retail platform and British consultants selected eight Ukrainian brands – Kir Khartley, Elenareva, The Coat by Katya Silchenko, Jean Gritsfeldt, FROLOV, Roussin, Gasanova, Marsala – to participate in the project. The designers together with the creative team Seentax Services, which includes art-director – Lyubov Kucheryava and Vlad Dmitriev, the photographer – Misha Bochkarev, the sound design – Sasha Zlih, Danilo Senichkin, 3D modeling – Volodymyr Kozlov, curator – Ira Lupu, have created an interactive site, in which deciduous sculptures help to uncover the designer’s world and the mood of the collection.

CURRENT NOW

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This season, Ukrainian Fashion Week became the initiator and organizer of the Forum “Prospects of branding Ukraine NOW in projects of creative industries”. The project is implemented jointly with the Ministry of Information Policy of Ukraine.

For the past 21 years, UFW has become a flagship ground for collaborations between the various creative industries. Designers of clothes and interiors, photographers, cinematographers, artists, musicians, stylists, journalists, poets, performers, restaurateurs are united in various projects under the auspices of Ukrainian Fashion Week.

“Due to the constant presence of influential insiders and journalists from abroad and the active participation of domestic fluids, the Ukrainian Fashion Week considers it important to unite the efforts of all industries to create a joint effective strategy in promoting and promotion of a positive image of our country “, – says the initiator of the Forum, the general producer of UFW Volodymyr Nechiporuk.

The forum will help to demonstrate the variability of branding Ukraine NOW in a variety of projects and become a platform for discussion with leaders of creative industries branding prospects in projects implemented in Ukraine and abroad.

Representatives of the Ministry of Information Policy of Ukraine, film industry, fashion industry, curators of art projects, media, representatives of other creative industries are invited to participate.

#HEFORSHE + UFW: gender equality in the fashion

Creative industries are among the first to respond to the challenges of society, to the actual problems of equal opportunities for all people. The fashion industry has become a hub for human rights, in particular for gender equality.

HeForShe Global Solidarity Movement together with Ukrainian Fashion Week presents a project within which representatives of the Ukrainian fashion industry will join the human rights dialogue to declare that each of us can and should have the right to look as it wants; that we are not obliged to adjust our appearance to the expectations of society or the opposite sex.

Designers and designers in collaboration with artists and artists have created insults inspired by the HeForShe movement, the theme of gender equality, human rights and freedom of choice. Famous fashion brands from Ukraine: BEVZA, Lake Studio, LITKOVSKAYA, FROLOV and ARTEMKLIMCHUK, as well as well-known artists and illustrators: Vova Vorot’yev, Anatoliy Belov, Maria Gavrilyuk, Maria Ralemskaya and Masha Shubina participated in the project.

5 images will be presented on the first day of the Ukrainian Fashion Week. Guests of the Fashion Week will be able to see the result of the cooperation of the participants and participants of the project in a special corner of HeForShe in the Art Arsenal on September 1-5.

#SHOWROOM

Within five days during the Ukrainian Fashion Week, the Mystetskyi Arsenal will feature a showroom representing 12 brands of clothing, footwear and accessories: LONA PRIST, HONCHARENKO, CIRCUL, SNESHANA NEKH, UK DESIGN, IRARO, NIT.KA and others.

Space #Showroom will have its own unique concept, developed by architect Katerina Rosit. Traditionally, #Showroom has been implemented in partnership with the Domus Design magazine. This is a Ukrainian magazine with more than 15 years of history, whose mission is to develop Ukrainian design in all areas. #Showroom will have several zones: lounge area, scene where brand presentations will take place, special space for LUXORPTICS, a national optic network that develops its own glasses brands – Casta, Luxoptica, Sanderson.

For attending all #Showroom events, guests can register at fashionweek.ua and receive an email invitation that will give them the opportunity to come to #Showroom free of charge from September 1 to September 5.

#NEW GENERATION DAY

Ukrainian Fashion Week has always supported young talents and created the conditions for their development. For several years now, UFW has united shows of young designers and projects related to their work in an independent platform – the New Generation Day. This season the platform will present young designer brands on September 5 in the Art Arsenal.

This day will open the project EPSON DIGITAL FASHION – an international format that will be held in Ukraine for the second time. The show on the main Ukrainian Fashion Week podium will feature 8 finalists of the competition, which will show author’s prints and collections of printed fabrics. Immediately after the show, the Award Ceremony will take place – 3 professional prizes from Epson, the publication of collections on the leading portal JetSetter.ua and training one of the winners of the course on the Italian Istituto Europeo di Design (IED). This is how Epson Digital Fashion Show guests and professionals see it.

The New Names project will present three designers this season, who will showcase their collections on a large podium for the first time.

Ukrainian fashion space is an integral part of the world’s fashion with its global trends – as evidenced by the tangible number of collaborations between young Ukrainian designers and reputable world brands. Within the framework of the New Generation Day brand BRAUN will present a collaboration with one of the winners of the National Contest “A Look into the Future” by designer Anna Sytnikova.

With an active corporate and social position, DHL supports young designers in their quest for a new responsible fashion. With the assistance of DHL Express Ukraine, the winner of the Second View to the Future Award 2018 Julia Katsalap will present a capsule collection created under the zero waste policy within 5 days in the DHL Express Ukraine space in the Art Arsenal.

 

The Tribe, mute violence in a Ukrainian boarding school

 

Image result for ukrainian boarding school In sign language and without subtitles, the film “The Tribe” plunges more than two hours during the spectator into the ruthless daily life of a Ukrainian boarding school for deaf-mutes, between villainous violence and raw sex scenes.

Grand Prize of the week of criticism at the last Cannes Film Festival, “The Tribe”, the first feature film of Ukrainian director Myroslav Slaboshpytskyiy, released in theaters on October 1, 2014 and will be broadcast in 26 countries, is a singular film, starring on stage a community that is not very present in the cinema. “The goal was to make a contemporary and realistic silent film, which would be easily understood without the use of words,” says the director, already author in 2010 of a short film (“Deafness”) on the deaf-mutes.

School memories

In “The Tribe”, Sergei, a deaf-mute teenager, joins a specialized institute where gangs of men dictate his law, from classrooms to dormitories. “Some see in the film a metaphor of the Ukrainian social system,” says the director, who said that “the film is based largely on his memories of school” but also on what deaf and dumb have told him. In the boarding school, Sergei is beaten and racketed, he takes the blows and imposes himself in “the tribe” to seduce Anna, a boarder who prostitutes herself to emigrate to Italy.Not located – the plot takes place in Ukraine – and almost out of time, the film is a succession of long shots – the director multiplies the back and forth between the dormitory, dark and sinister, and a truck parking, where Anna and a Another boarder sells their body at nightfall.The adults, who are almost absent from the film, are all accomplices in the massacre game orchestrated by the gang of teenagers.

Sobs and groans

Everything happens behind walls or at night. The negotiations between the boarders are incessant: we rely on expressions of faces and bodies to better understand what is being played. Faced with silence and the absence of music, the sounds of footsteps, creaking doors and slamming are exacerbated. Only a few cries of pain and brief ecstasy punctuate the 2:12 of the film. The tension increases in the last half hour: Anna undergoes a clandestine abortion. Four long minutes of sobs and groans, faced with the coldness of the metal instruments handled by an impassive “angel maker”. “The scene required a whole day of shooting,” says actress Yana Novikova, who plays Anna. “Shooting, sometimes in mid-winter, has been very tiring,” she says. Played by actors all deaf and dumb and non-professional, “The Tribe” succeeds the bet of captivating from the beginning to the end.

 

 

Ukrainian Orthodox Church: founding council has date

It is the object of dispute par excellence between the patriarchates of Constantinople and Moscow: the planned, independent Ukrainian Orthodox national church. Now it is not only clear that it is founded, but also when.

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The establishment of an independent Ukrainian Orthodox national church is scheduled to take place on 15 December. This was announced by President Petro Poroshenko after media reports on Wednesday in Kiev.

Invited to the founding council were the bishops of three churches: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate, the Autocephalous Ukrainian Orthodox Church and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate. The bishop meeting was to take place in the oldest Kiev church, the Saint Sophia Cathedral, which is currently a museum owned by the state.

For more than 300 years Ukraine has belonged to the Moscow Patriarchate according to the Canon Law. The Kiev leadership has been trying for a long time to an autonomy (autocephaly) of the Orthodox Church in the former Soviet republic – especially in view of the current conflict with Moscow.

Russian church is running storm

The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew, has promised autocephaly as the head of honor of all Orthodox Christians. In contrast, the Russian church is storming and has broken relations with the Patriarch based in Istanbul. Most of the bishops of the Moscow-Moscow church will boycott the synod. Thus conflicts over individual church buildings and monasteries are foreseeable.

Already last Thursday the course had been set for the foundation of an independent regional church . The lead patriarchate at its session (Holy Synod) in Istanbul passed the statute for the new autokephalic church, but has not yet set a date for the founding council.

Also follow for Orthodoxy in Germany

Meanwhile, the dispute in Orthodoxy also has effects in Germany. For the first time on Wednesday, the Orthodox Bishops’ Conference in Germany (OBKD) held its autumn assembly in Bonn without the members of the two Russian Orthodox dioceses . The present bishops of the Greek, Romanian and Serbian Orthodox dioceses regretted the absence of Russian bishops and expressed the hope of overcoming intra-Orthodox tensions, as the communiqué shows.

The Russian Orthodox church leadership in Moscow had banned the participation of its bishops in bodies chaired by a representative of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, because of the conflict over ecclesiastical jurisdiction in Ukraine. Chairman of the OBKD is belonging to this patriarchate Greek Orthodox Metropolitan Augoustinos .

As OBKD General Secretary Nikolay Thon, who belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church, did not attend the meeting, the Bishops’ Conference commissioned the Serbian Orthodox Archpriest Radomir Kolundzic to provisionally assume the duties of Secretary-General. to “enable a continuous further work of the OBKD”. The bishops called on their priests and believers to “pray more intensively for the peace of the whole world, the well-being of God’s holy churches and the unity of all”. (Tmg / fxn / dpa / KNA)